Dorchester Abbey in Oxfordshire worth visiting both for the architecture and the two gisants: William “The Younger” Valence and Hugh Segrave (probably).
William “The Younger” Valence was the half-nephew of Henry of Winchester III King England. Henry’s mother Isabella Angouleme, Queen Consort England, wife of John “Lackland” I King England, was also the mother of William Valence’s father, also, William, 1st Earl of Pembroke.
William was killed at the Battle of Llandeilo Fawr returning after being ambushed by the Welsh after having taken Carreg Cennen Castle.
A very fine gisant, c 1282, notable for the finely detailed chain mail, the crossed legs, possible signifying a crusader, and the hand holding the sword. Some of the original colouring remains.
His father, Walter 1st Baron, KG, was Speaker of the House of Commons in 29 Jan 1414. Fought during the Hundred Years War including Agincourt in Oct 1415 and the Siege of Rouen in 1418. Thereafter he became Steward of the King’s Household and was held in sufficiently high regard to be appointed executor of Henry V’s will. At Henry VI’s coronation in Paris he was given the honour of being Carver of the King’s food.
Robert 2nd Baron Hungerford’s son Robert 3rd Baron took part in the last stages of the Hundred Years War being captured and subsequently ransomed at the Battle of Castillon where John ‘Old Talbot’ was killed to the dismay of both the French and English. As a keen Lancastrian he supported Henry VI during the Wars of the Roses surviving Towton only to be captured at the Battle of Hexham and subsequently beheaded at Newcastle.
All three were buried at the no longer extant Hungerford Chapel at Salisbury Cathedral with Robert, 3rd Baron Hungerford’s, monument being moved to the nave.
A very well preserved monument with some fascinating detail including the Manticore, the Hasting’s badge, at the Earl’s feet, and the garter on his left leg, just below the knee, and on his left shoulder.
Francis was descended from Edward III in multiple ways as was his wife Catherine Pole. His ancestors included most of the primary families of England: Camoys, Neville, Beaufort, Montagu, Holland, Hungerford, Percy, Stafford, Beauchamp, Berkeley, Woodville as well as Luxembourg. Francis and Catherine had eleven children together. Catherine’s younger sister married Francis’ younger brother Thomas.
Francis took a prominent role at King Edward VI’s coronation on the 20 Feb 1547, carrying St Edward’s staff, as well as at the tournament that followed.
Francis was invested as a Knight of the Garter on 13 Oct 1549, the same day on which he arrested Edward Seymour, Duke of Somerset, who was subsequently beheaded Jan 1552, with his nephew, King Edward VI, casually noting ‘the duke of Somerset had his head cut off upon Tower Hill between eight and nine o’clock in the morning’.
Francis was imprisoned in 1553 for having supported Lady Jane Grey. Pardoned by Queen Mary I soon after he demonstrated his allegiance to Queen Mary I by, on her orders, arresting Lady Jane Grey’s father, Henry, who, initially being pardoned, was subsequently beheaded 23 Feb 1554 for his support of Wyatt’s attempt to prevent Queen Mary I marrying King Philip I of Spain.
Detail of the Earl’s Coronet and helm.
Detail of the Manticore on which the Earl’s feet rest. The Manticore being the badge of the Hasting’s family.
Detail showing the Earl’s Knight of the Garter Badge.