Cartmel Priory

John, 1st Baron Harrington and Margaret Dacre

Tomb of John, 1st Baron Harrington, died 02 Jun 1347, and his second wife Margaret aka Joan Dacre. A minor when he succeeded he became a ward of William Dacre whose daughter Margaret he subsequently married.

Knighted in 22 May 1306 in Oct 1309 he accompanied Edward, Prince of Wales on a trip to Scotland. He subsequently became an MP from 1326 to 1347.

He had three children. One of his great grandchildren William was appointed the 123rd Knight of the Garter in 1415 having fought at the Battle of Agincourt in Oct 1415.

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Frederick Cavendish

Memorial to Frederick Cavendish, son of William Cavendish, 7th Duke Devonshire, who, having been appointed Chief Secretary for Ireland, was assassinated immediately after his arrival 06 May 1882 in Dublin; the Phoenix Park Killings.

Sculpture by Thomas Woolner.

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Edward Cavendish

Memorial to Edward Cavendish, youngest son of William Cavendish, 7th Duke Devonshire. His son became Victor Christian William became 9th Duke of Devonshire.

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Cartmel Priory Interior

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St Andrew’s Church, Greystoke, Cumbria

I took a detour on a recent trip to Carlisle to visit St Andrew’s Church, Greystoke, Cumbria, to see the two effigies of the Greystoke Family: William, 2nd Baron Greystoke, and his grandson John, 4th Baron Greystoke. Both effigies, much damaged, have some interesting features.

William, 2nd Baron Greystoke

William died in 1359 at Brancepeth Castle. His effigy typical of the Edwardian, or Camail and Jupon Period. On his head he wears the pointed bascinet with a camail (or aventail) ie the curtain of mail suspended from the helmet and falling over the shoulders to protect the neck. The jupon under which his coat of chain mail may be seen. His sword belt is low on his jupon, horizontal. He appears to have a moustache.

His funeral was attended by Roger 5th Baron Clifford (William’s son Ralph, who had become Roger’s ward after his father’s death, married Roger’s daughter Catherine in 1377) and Henry Scrope 1st Baron Masham reflecting his status in northern England.

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John, 4th Baron Greystoke

John, 4th Baron Greystoke died in 1426. His armour is typical of the Lancastrian or Early Plate Period; plate armour has replaced the camail and jupon.

His pauldrons (shoulder plates), are unusual in their style. His arms are fully encased in plate with a couter (or coude) protecting the elbow joint. Fine detail of the straps that held the armour in place may be seen on the underarms.

A gorget, or neck armour, has replaced the camail.

His head is, very unusually, bare as is his face, his hair cut in the style so typical of portraits of Henry V. Gardner1 states “It is a remarkable fact that before 1440 the bare-headed warrior is almost unknown, while after 1455 the helmeted knight is almost equally rare”. This may suggest the effigy was made somewhat after John’s death or, possibly, that the effigy has been incorrectly assigned.

His head rests on the decorated tournament helm.

He wears the Lancastrian SS collar. John had supported the usurpation of Richard II by Henry IV in the 1390s; staunch Lancastrians. John had married, in 1407, Elizabeth Ferrers, daughter of Joan Beaufort, daughter of John of Gaunt, son of King Edward III.

Two sword belts: diagonal (bawdric) and horizontal. The jupon, beneath the waist has been replaced by a fauld; horizontal strips of metal that wrap around.

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Weepers

The Weepers, of which few are left, would have decorated the sides of the chest tomb on which John’s effigy would have lain. They are somewhat reminiscent of those of the tomb of Alice de la Pole at Ewelme, Oxfordshire although she died much later in 1475.

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The two effigies as they are now. Note the nearer, William may have been incorrectly placed in the canopy.

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1 Gardner. Alabaster Tombs of the Pre-Reformation Period in England

St Martin’s Church, Stamford

St Martin’s Church, Stamford, one five remaining churches of the original fourteen. It being south of the River Welland, closest to the Burghley estate, contains a number of monuments to the Cecil family, most notably William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley, chief advisor to Elizabeth I during most of her reign.

Cecil Family Tree @ www.thehistorydatabase.com

William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley

A magnificent monument, exceptionally carved.

Tomb of William Cecil, 1st Lord Burghley (1520-1598)
Tomb of William Cecil, 1st Lord Burghley (1520-1598)

Knight of the Garter robes and badge on the left shoulder.

Detail of the Knight of the Garter Badge
Knight of the Garter Badge

Garter below the left knee.

Detail of William Cecil's Garter below the left knee

Detail of the lion on which the Baron’s feet rest.

Detail of Lion on which William Cecil's  feet rest

Detail showing the white (curiously black now probably as a result of having lost its paint) Staff of Office denoting William Cecil’s role as Lord High Treasurer. The well known picture of William Cecil in the National Portrait Gallery (one of forty-five) shows him with his Staff of Office.

Detail of William Cecil's Staff of Office of Lord Treasurer

Detail of the finely carved sabatons.

Detail of sabatons (feet armour)

Detail of the armour in particular the couter that protects the elbow joint and its hinge by which it is fixed.

Note also the ermine lining of the Knight of the Garter cloak.

Detail of William Cecil's couter

Monument to Richard Cecil and his wife Jane Heckington

William Cecil’s parents as well to three daughters who form the weepers to the monument. Richard Cecil was a prominent courtier to Henry VIII; his wealth increased as a result of the dissolution of the monasteries.

Groom of the Robes to Henry VIII and Edward VI.

Buried in St Margaret’s Church, Westminster.

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Monument to Brownlow Cecil, 2nd Marquis Exeter

Brownlow Cecil the son of Henry Cecil, 1st Marquess Exeter, whose sixteen year tenure as MP for Stamford, a family controlled seat, commenced aged 20. He, apparently, made little contribution to the House of Commons, although it resulted, inexplicably, in a Marquessate from George III.

His first wife, Emma Vernon, eloped with her lover, the new curate at Hanbury. Heavily in debt he then lived anonymously in Wales as a farmer marrying, aged 36, bigamously, a local farmers daughter Alice Hoggins, 16.

Inheriting aged 39 he and his family moved to Burghley House.

Brownlow, the second son inherited at his father’s death in 1804 aged eight.

Brownlow’s career somewhat busier than his father’s being Lord Chamberlain, Lord Steward, Lord Lieutenant of Rutland and Northamptonshire and Groom of the Stole somewhat emulating the career of his ancestor William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley including being appointed Knight of the Garter.

Monument to Richard Cecil and his wife Jane Heckington

Monument to John Cecil, 5th Earl Exeter

John Cecil, great great grandson of William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley.

A magnificent monument, if somewhat overdone, somewhat incongruous in its surroundings, in the classical style probably as a result of his European travels . A lesson, perhaps, not to follow fashion.

Son of John Cecil, 4th Earl of Exeter, a 5 x Great Grandson of Henry VII through his mother Elizabeth Edgerton, and Frances Manners, a 8 x Great Granddaughter of Edward III.

He married Anne, daughter of William Cavendish, 3rd Earl of Devonshire.

John Cecil, 5th Earl Exeter
Continue reading “St Martin’s Church, Stamford”

St Mary the Virgin, Bottesford, Lincolnshire

St Mary the Virgin, Bottesford, half church, half mausoleum to the Barons Ros and the Earls of Rutland. The entire chancel is filled with monuments that cover a period of nearly four centuries starting with Robert Ros, died 1285, considered by some to be the 1st Baron Ros, to John Manners 8th Earl Rutland, died 1679.

Tomb of Thomas Manners 1st Earl Rutland and his wife Eleanor Paston 1st Countess Rutland

He depicted wearing his Knight of the Gater robes over full plate armour, wearing his now damaged coronet of an Earl, head resting on a tournament helmet complete the Manner’s peacock crest and a cap of maintenance.

The tomb was created by Richard Parker of Burton on Trent.

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Detail showing the Knight of the Garter garter below the knee on the left leg.

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Tomb of Henry Manners 2nd Earl Rutland and his wife Margaret Neville

Both alabaster effigies appear to have originally had a coronet of an Earl that has since been damaged. His head on a tournament helm, hers on a scroll. He holding a prayer book, she, possibly, a book of hours. An alter table tomb with scultures of the children on the top. His left leg has the garter of a Knight of the Garter.

Henry’s tenure as Earl spanned the reigns of Henry VIII King England and Ireland and his three children: Edward VI King England and Ireland, Mary I Queen England and Ireland, and Elizabeth I Queen England and Ireland.

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The Earl’s heraldic achievement including:

Top Right and Bottom Left Quarter

Manners with Royal augmentation top left corner and bottom right corner: Or [gold], two bars azure [blue] a chief [top half] quarterly azure [blue] and gules [red]; in the 1st and 4th quarters two fleurs-de-lis and in the 2nd and 3rd a lion passant guardant or), being the Royal arms halved with the original Manners arms.

Top Left Quarter:

Ros: Gules [red], three water bougets [white]; the Earl’s grand-mother Eleanor Ros,

Roet: Gules [red], three Katherine-wheels argent [white]; Katherine Roet was the Earl’s great great great grand-mother,

Belvoir: Azure [Blue], a Katherine-wheel,

Albini?

Daubeney: Or [gold] two chevron gules [red],

Badlesmere: Argent [white], a fess [horizontal line] between two bars gemeles [thin horizontal lines] gules [red], (simplified),

Bottom Left Quarter

Tiptoft: Argent [white], a saltire [diagonal cross] engrailed gules [red]; great grand-mother Philippa Tiptoft,

Holland:  England within a bordure [border] or [gold]; Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent, whose daughter Eleanor was the Earl’s great great great grand-mother on both paternal and maternal side,

Powys/Charleton: Gules [red], lion rampant or [gold]; great great grand-mother Joyce Charleton,

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The heraldic achievement of Margaret Neville, 2nd Countess of Rutland:

Neville: Gules [red], a saltire [diagonal cross] argent [white],

Holland:  England within a bordure [border] or [gold]; Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent, whose daughter Eleanor was the Earl’s great great great grand-mother on bopth paternal and maternal side,

The bottom left corner is unrecognised.

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George Manners 4th Earl Rutland and his wife Elizabeth Charlton

Sculpted by Gerard Johanssen [Janssen] around 1591.

His armour has cuisses on this thighs over trunk-hose, with no back plates to the thighs. Peascod breastplate, ruff and developed form of coronet made of metal fixed to the alabaster.

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William 6th Baron Ros

South of the alter a very fine alabaster tomb with the effigy of the camail-jupon period of armour [the camail being the chain mail attached the  helmet] 1350-1420.

Probably the Chellaston (Derbyshire) school of sculptors; the angels spiky quills are indicative.

The finely carved effigy armour is transition from chain mail to plate. Conical bascinet with jewelled orle resting on tournament helmet with Roos crest; peacock with spread tail.

Lancastrian collar “Souvenir Sovereign”.

Garter on the left leg below the knee. William was the 108th Knight of the Garter.

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John Ros, 7th Baron Ros Helmsley

North side of the alter of equally fine craftman-ship as that of his father’s described above. Also, probably, the Challaston Derbyshire) school given the spiky angel’s wings.

Conical bascinet with orle resting on a tournament helmet; the original Ros peacock damaged with only the feet remaining.

Although only seven later that his father’s there are noticeable developments in armour:

a gorget [from the French gorge meaning throat] plate over the camail now protects the neck,

small plates over the armpits and insteps,

taces, a skirrt of plates, attached to the breastplate, replace the mail skirt,

John Ros was killed at the  Battle of Baugé in 1421.

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Worcester Cathedral

Lady Chapel

The very fine Lady Chapel was commenced in the Early English Style in 1224.

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Ceiling of Worcester Cathedral Lady Chapel

 

Three storeys with tall lancet windows at the two upper storeys.

 

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Worcester Cathedral Lady Chapel

 

 Memorial to Charlotte Elizabeth Digby

Daughter of the Honourable Colonel and Lady Lucy Digby (nee Fox-Strangways).

Maid of Honour to Queen Charlotte, wife of George III, 20 Jan 1802 to 02 Jan 1802 (the day before her marriage).

Married her first cousin Reverend William Digby (as his second wife), Prebendary of Worcester, 03 Jan 1803.

Born 07 Aug 1778. Died 03 Sep 1820 at Malvern of rapid consumption (tuberculosis).

Sculpted by Francis Leggatt Chantry 1825.

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Memorial to Charlotte Elizabeth Digby
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Memorial to Charlotte Elizabeth Digby
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Memorial to Charlotte Elizabeth Digby

Chantry of Arthur Tudor Prince Wales (Tudor) south side of the Choir

A very elegant fine stone ‘casket’ or chest tomb on the south side of the chancel. Lacy open stonework with delicate cresting and pinnacles; it has a complex flat lierne vault with pendants, and very rich stone reredos with many figures and complex canopies.

The chapel is on two levels, with an intermediate band of shields and other devices in blank panelling.

Side of the Chest Tomb of Prince Arthur with the arms of England differenced ie the white bar across the top just visible.

Side of the Chest Tomb of Prince Arthur
Lierne vault of Prince Arthur’s Chantry Chapel
Interior of Prince Arthur’s Chantry Chapel

The southern face of the exterior of Prince Arthur’s Chantry Chapel showing intermediate band of shields and other devices in blank panelling with two earlier recumbent figures of the Giffard family beneath.

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Exterior of Prince Arthur’s Chantry Chapel

Tomb of Gruffydd ap Rhys ap Thomas Deheubarth and his wife Catherine St John

Griffith ap Rhys the childhood companion of Prince Arthur. He was with Arthur in Ludlow in 1502 when Arthur died and travelled with Arthur’s funeral bier from Ludlow to Worcester, and subsequently at Prince Arthur’s Worcester funeral, bearing the Prince’s banner.

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Tomb of Gruffydd ap Rhys ap Thomas Deheubarth and his wife Catherine St John

Tomb of John “Lackland” I King England in the Chancel

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Tomb of John “Lackland” I King England
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Tomb of John “Lackland” I King England

St Oswald’s Church, Ashbourne, Derbyshire

Penelope’s Tomb

Sculpted by Thomas Banks in 1791. The sculpture moved Queen Charlotte to tears when exhibited at the Royal Academy before being delivered to Ashbourne.

Penelope, the only child of Sir Brooke and Lady Boothby, died aged five. So affected by her death was her father he left both his wife and Ashbourne, travelled to the continent, eventually dying in poverty in Boulogne.

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Memorial to Thomas Cockayne and his wife Dorothy Ferrers
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Memorial of George Errington

Sculpted by Richard Westmacott

 

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Cockayne Family Memorials

St Oswald’s Ashbourne has a number of memorials to the Cockayne family including Edmund Cockayne and his first wife Margaret Longford, his son John Cockayne.

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Tomb of John Cockayne and his first wife Margaret Longford. Note the Lancastrian livery collar of esses believed to stand for “”Souvenir Soverayne””, the motto of Henry VI, although not proven. The esses collar was indicated support for the House of Lancaster.

Note also the helm on which the head rests is missing its cockerell’s head.

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Salisbury Cathedral

 

Robert 2nd Baron Hungerford

Robert 2nd Baron Hungerford served in the latter stages of the Hundred Year’s War.

His father fought at Agincourt and became a prominent member of the court of Henry VI King England, attending Henry’s coronation at Notre Dame, Paris 16 Dec 1461.

His son, also Robert, 03 Baron Hungerford, played a prominent role in the Wars of the Roses on the Lancastrian side eventually being captured at the Battle of Hexham and subsequently beheaded at Newcastle on Tyne.

Salisbury Cathedral formerly contained the Hungerford Chantry that was demolished during restorations in 1790. The Hungerford Chapel contained the remains of Robert, his father and mother, and his son.

This particularly fine effigy in alabaster was relocated to the Nave.

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William “Longsword” Longespée 3rd Earl Salisbury

Illegitimate son of Henry “Curtmantle” II King England and Ida Tosny; half-brother to Kings Richard I and John.

William played a significant role in the Baron’s Wars, siding with the Crown.

Believed to have been poisoned by Hubert Burgh 1st Earl Kent. When his tomb was opened 1791 the well-preserved corpse of a rat was found to have traces of arsenic in its skull.

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Interior of the Cathedral

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Bishop John Wordsworth

Sculpted by George Frampton 1914.

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Chantry of Bishop Edmund Audley (1524)

Edmund Tuchet Bishop Rochester, Bishop Hereford, Bishop Salisbury was the son of John Tuchet, 05 Baron Audley, and Eleanor Holland.

Eleanor Holland the daughter of Edmund Holland, 04 Duke of Kent, and Constance of York, grand-daughter of Edward II; Eleanor was illegitimate.

Eleanor was, then, a great great great grand-daughter of Edward I on her father’s side, and a great grand-daughter of Edward III on her mother’s side.

Living to eighty-one Edmund did well to avoid the fate of his brother Humphrey and nephew James, both of whom were executed during the Wars of the Roses, and his father who was killed at the Battle of Blore Heath.

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Interior of the Cathedral

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Richard Beauchamp Bishop Hereford, Bishop Salisbury

Bishop Salisbury 1450-1481.

Fourth cousin to the better known Earls of Warwick Beauchamps. Richard’s father was Speaker of the House of Commons. His elder brother the father of John 01 Baron Beauchamp Powick.

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