Tudor Teenage Male Deaths

The Tudor dynasty was marred by what appears to be an unusually high number of deaths of sons in their teenage years, often of the sweating sickness that Wikidedia describes as “a mysterious and highly contagious disease that struck England, and later continental Europe, in a series of epidemics beginning in 1485. The last outbreak occurred in 1551, after which the disease apparently vanished”.

Arthur Tudor

The most prominent death was of Arthur Tudor, Prince of Wales, eldest son of Henry VII King England who succumbed to sweating sickness (probably; my have been tuberculosis) aged 15 in Ludlow soon after his marriage to Catherine of Aragon.

Henry Fitzroy

Secondly, Henry VIII King England‘s illegitimate son Henry Fitzroy, Duke Cornwall, who died aged 17 and was buried in Framlingham Church, Suffolk although believed to be of tuberculosis rather than sweating sickness.

King Edward VI England

Henry VIII King England‘s son Edward VI King England who died aged sixteen after reigning for five and a half years. Possibly tuberculosis.

Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales

Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales, eldest son of James VI King Scotland, I King England, Great Great Great Grandson of Henry VII, died aged 18, believed to be of typhoid. His younger brother Charles becoming Charles I King England.

Henry Brandon

Henry Brandon, son of Mary Tudor, grandson Henry VII, died aged 11 of the sweating sickness.

Henry and Charles Brandon

Henry Brandon’s two brothers, although not Tudor, Henry Brandon, 2nd Duke Suffolk and Charles Brandon, 3rd Duke Suffolk, also succumbed to the sweating sickness aged 16 and 14 respectively.

Relationships

The recent snowy weather resulted in my having, unexpectedly, two days at home during which I coded the married and natural Relationships to determine their consanguinity ie how closely related they were or how many common ancestors they had.

King Henry V England and Katherine Valois

For example, Henry V King England and his wife Katherine Valois were related as follows:

  1. Fourth-Cousin (Common Ancestors: John II Count Hainault, II Count Holland and Philippa Luxembourg)
  2. Half Third-Cousin Once Removed (Common Ancestor: Charles I Count Valois)

Edward III and Philippa of Hainault

Edward III King of England and his wife Philippa of Hainault were related as follows:

  1. Second-Cousin (Common Ancestors: Philip “Bold” III King France and Isabella Barcelona)
  2. Third-Cousin Once Removed (Common Ancestors: Raymond Berenguer IV Count Provence and Beatrice Savoy)
  3. Fourth-Cousin (Common Ancestors: Louis “Lion” VIII King France and Blanche Ivrea Queen Consort France)

Edward “The Black Prince” and his wife Joan “The Fair Maid of Kent”

Edward “The Black Prince” and his wife Joan “The Fair Maid of Kent” were Half First Cousin Once Removed (Common Ancestor: Edward “Longshanks” I King England).

 

Largest Paternal Families

The Paternal Families with the largest number of generations makes an interesting list especially when compared to Maternal Families which have fewer generations; history favours the paternal perhaps:

COUNTRY FAMILY NUMBER OF PEOPLE GENERATIONS
ENGLAND ANJOU 339 35
SCOTLAND STEWART 439 30
SCOTLAND DOUGLAS 342 28
ENGLAND HASTINGS 170 26
ENGLAND NEVILLE 249 26
ENGLAND SEYMOUR 151 26
FRANCE CAPET 920 26
ENGLAND HOWARD 306 25
ENGLAND GREY 237 24
ENGLAND TALBOT 137 24
LOW COUNTRIES REGINAR 142 24
ENGLAND STANLEY 131 23
ENGLAND BERKELEY 116 21
ENGLAND CAVENDISH 86 20
NORMANDY COURTENAY 120 20
ENGLAND ARUNDELL 95 18
ENGLAND FIENNES 47 18
ENGLAND MONTAGU 94 18
ENGLAND RUSSELL 65 18
BURGUNDY IVREA 148 18
ENGLAND BUTLER 114 17
ENGLAND SPENCER 68 17
ENGLAND STAFFORD 76 17
ENGLAND VERE 71 17
NORMANDY FITZALAN 66 17
ENGLAND ST JOHN 91 16
NORMANDY DAUBIGNY 45 16
NORMANDY DEVEREUX 42 16
GERMANY WITTELSBACH 138 16
IRELAND BURGH 52 16
LOW COUNTRIES LUXEMBOURG 85 16

The list contains a number of unfinished families, especially those in Europe. It does, however, show the primary royal and noble families of each country; names that are familiar and current today.

Placing Anjou in England is something of a convenient conceit for now. I have published only the Paternal Families for England, Wales and Normandy for now. Scotland, Ireland, France, Spain, etc are, broadly complete, but not sufficiently complete for publication.

Maternal Family Trees

Katherine Roet’s Maternal Family Tree

Family Trees are traditionally presented by paternal descent.

Maternal descent is a not often seen alternative. Mitochondrial DNA, or mt-DNA, is passed from mother to sons and daughters. However, sons do not pass it to their children.

Richard III

In the discovery of Richard III’s remains in Leicester it was the mt-DNA that proved his identity. Two maternal descendants of Richard III’s mother Cecily “Rose of Raby” Neville were identified: Michael Ibsen and Wendy Duldig.

It was descendants of Cecily’s daughter Anne that provided the match for Richard III through more than seventeen female generations. Wendy Duldig is now, therefore, the only known carrier of Cecily “Rose of Raby” Neville’s mt-DNA that is able to pass it on.

Cecily was descended from Joan Beaufort, daughter of John of Gaunt and Katherine Roet (aka Swynford).  Katherine Roet is the ultimate maternal ancestor of Richard III, Michael Ibsen and Wendy Duldig. It is Katherine’s mt-DNA that provided the match.

Families are usually given the father’s surname; the patronymic. For Maternal Families I have used the earliest identifiable ancestor for the family name eg Katherine Roet.

History Database

The History Data Maternal Family Trees Index

Its an unusual way of looking at families with some relationships that aren’t immediately apparent from Paternal Family Trees. I’ve limited Maternal Family Trees to those with more than three generations for now.

Katherine Roet’s Maternal Family Tree stands out for having 21 generations. Her maternal descendants include Edward IV King England and Richard III King England.

Aoife Ní Diarmait’s also stands out for having 16 generations with 345 people in her Maternal Family Tree including Henry of Monmouth V King England, Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Denmark, Joan Beaufort Queen Consort Scotland, Henry II King France, James II King Scotland, Richard “Kingmaker” Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury.

Dangereuse Île-Bouchard has 8 generations with 109 people including

  • Eleanor of Aquitaine, Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England,
  • Richard “Lionheart” I King England,
  • Eleanor Plantagenet Queen Castile,
  • Berengaria I King Castile,
  • Ferdinand III King Castile, III King Leon,
  • Sancho “Pious” II King Portugal,
  • Alfonso III King Portugal,
  • Blanche Ivrea Queen Consort France,
  • Louis IX King France, Charles King Sicily,
  • Henry I King Castile,
  • Joan Plantagenet Queen Consort Sicily,
  • John “Lackland” I King England.