Richard Redman, 1350-1426, All Saints Harewood

Another of the six fine chest tombs at All Saints, Harewood: Richard Redman, 1350-1426 and his wife Elizabeth Aldeburgh, died 1426.

Soldier and High Sheriff he campaigned with Richard II in Ireland. In 1405 he was commissioned to fine members of the gentry associated with the rebellion by Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland. He was, briefly, Speaker of the House of Commons during the eight day Parliament that voted supplies to continue the war in France shortly after the Battle of Agincourt in Oct 1415.

His armour of Period III: Lancastrian or Early Plate. An Esses collar although interwoven with another device. Moustache. Bascinet with orle. Helm with horses head crest; no mantling. Eagle buckle on belt. Feet on lion.

She wearing an elaborate crespine headdress.

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William Gascoigne, 1452-1487, All Saints, Harewood

Another of the six chest tombs from All Saints, Harewood, another William Gascoigne, 1452-1487, with his wife Margaret Percy, daughter of Henry, 3rd Earl of Northumberland.

They, William and Margaret, half second cousins once removed.

William a 4 x Great Grandson of Edward III through his mother Joan Neville, great granddaughter of Ralph, 1st Earl Westmoreland, and his second wife Joan Beaufort, grand daughter of Edward III.

William and Margaret had twelve children, three sons, nine daughters.

A alabaster chest tomb with a fine array of weepers, possibly their children although too many, women one side, nine men the other, one of which appears with angels wings, possible children and spouses.

He wearing a variation of the Lancastrian Esses collar being SOSOS. Clean shaved, no bascinet, his head resting on a helm with bulls head creat. His armour plate over which there appears to be, unusually for the period, a tabard. The left hand side of his face appears disfigured. Possibly a war wound.

She wearing the widow’s barbe.

Note. Gardner describes this monument as being to Sir John Nevill of Womersley, died 1482.

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William Gascoigne 1465, Harewood

One of six chest tombs at All Saints Church, Harewood, formerly known as Gawthorpe Hall.

William Gascoigne and his wife Margaret Clarell.

His armour of Period IV: Wars of the Roses. Fluted plate armour with fine detail of the ribbons that held pauldrons and coudes in place. Yorkist collar of suns and roses. His bare head, with finely detailed hair, and no facial hair, rests on an unusual helm which appears to be the face of a lady, with an orle. Below the waist faulds and tasses under which mail may be seen.

She, on his right, with a widows pleated barbe (from the French for beard) drawn up to her chin. At the finely carved end of her dress two dogs, one pulling at the folds.

Both rest on a chest tomb with finely detailed weepers on each side.

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Cartmel Priory

John, 1st Baron Harrington and Margaret Dacre

Tomb of John, 1st Baron Harrington, died 02 Jun 1347, and his second wife Margaret aka Joan Dacre. A minor when he succeeded he became a ward of William Dacre whose daughter Margaret he subsequently married.

Knighted in 22 May 1306 in Oct 1309 he accompanied Edward, Prince of Wales on a trip to Scotland. He subsequently became an MP from 1326 to 1347.

He had three children. One of his great grandchildren William was appointed the 123rd Knight of the Garter in 1415 having fought at the Battle of Agincourt in Oct 1415.

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Frederick Cavendish

Memorial to Frederick Cavendish, son of William Cavendish, 7th Duke Devonshire, who, having been appointed Chief Secretary for Ireland, was assassinated immediately after his arrival 06 May 1882 in Dublin; the Phoenix Park Killings.

Sculpture by Thomas Woolner.

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Edward Cavendish

Memorial to Edward Cavendish, youngest son of William Cavendish, 7th Duke Devonshire. His son became Victor Christian William became 9th Duke of Devonshire.

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Cartmel Priory Interior

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St Andrew’s Church, Greystoke, Cumbria

I took a detour on a recent trip to Carlisle to visit St Andrew’s Church, Greystoke, Cumbria, to see the two effigies of the Greystoke Family: William, 2nd Baron Greystoke, and his grandson John, 4th Baron Greystoke. Both effigies, much damaged, have some interesting features.

William, 2nd Baron Greystoke

William died in 1359 at Brancepeth Castle. His effigy typical of the Edwardian, or Camail and Jupon Period. On his head he wears the pointed bascinet with a camail (or aventail) ie the curtain of mail suspended from the helmet and falling over the shoulders to protect the neck. The jupon under which his coat of chain mail may be seen. His sword belt is low on his jupon, horizontal. He appears to have a moustache.

His funeral was attended by Roger 5th Baron Clifford (William’s son Ralph, who had become Roger’s ward after his father’s death, married Roger’s daughter Catherine in 1377) and Henry Scrope 1st Baron Masham reflecting his status in northern England.

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John, 4th Baron Greystoke

John, 4th Baron Greystoke died in 1426. His armour is typical of the Lancastrian or Early Plate Period; plate armour has replaced the camail and jupon.

His pauldrons (shoulder plates), are unusual in their style. His arms are fully encased in plate with a couter (or coude) protecting the elbow joint. Fine detail of the straps that held the armour in place may be seen on the underarms.

A gorget, or neck armour, has replaced the camail.

His head is, very unusually, bare as is his face, his hair cut in the style so typical of portraits of Henry V. Gardner1 states “It is a remarkable fact that before 1440 the bare-headed warrior is almost unknown, while after 1455 the helmeted knight is almost equally rare”. This may suggest the effigy was made somewhat after John’s death or, possibly, that the effigy has been incorrectly assigned.

His head rests on the decorated tournament helm.

He wears the Lancastrian SS collar. John had supported the usurpation of Richard II by Henry IV in the 1390s; staunch Lancastrians. John had married, in 1407, Elizabeth Ferrers, daughter of Joan Beaufort, daughter of John of Gaunt, son of King Edward III.

Two sword belts: diagonal (bawdric) and horizontal. The jupon, beneath the waist has been replaced by a fauld; horizontal strips of metal that wrap around.

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Weepers

The Weepers, of which few are left, would have decorated the sides of the chest tomb on which John’s effigy would have lain. They are somewhat reminiscent of those of the tomb of Alice de la Pole at Ewelme, Oxfordshire although she died much later in 1475.

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The two effigies as they are now. Note the nearer, William may have been incorrectly placed in the canopy.

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1 Gardner. Alabaster Tombs of the Pre-Reformation Period in England

Carlisle Cathedral

 

Carlisle Cathedral may be the shortest cathedral as a result of its Norman Nave having been demolished in the Civil War for stone for the castle but what remains is superb in particular the memorials including a Hamo Thorneycroft and a Lucchesi.

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Sculpture by John Adams-Acton, 1872, of Samuel Waldegrave, 57th Bishop of Carlisle.

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Sculpture by Henry Hugh Armstead, 1885, of Francis Close, 25 years Dean of Carlisle.

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Sculpture by Hamo Thornycroft, 1894, of Harvey Goodwin, 58th Bishop of Carlisle.

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St Martin’s Church, Stamford

St Martin’s Church, Stamford, one five remaining churches of the original fourteen. It being south of the River Welland, closest to the Burghley estate, contains a number of monuments to the Cecil family, most notably William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley, chief advisor to Elizabeth I during most of her reign.

Cecil Family Tree @ www.thehistorydatabase.com

William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley

A magnificent monument, exceptionally carved.

Tomb of William Cecil, 1st Lord Burghley (1520-1598)
Tomb of William Cecil, 1st Lord Burghley (1520-1598)

Knight of the Garter robes and badge on the left shoulder.

Detail of the Knight of the Garter Badge
Knight of the Garter Badge

Garter below the left knee.

Detail of William Cecil's Garter below the left knee

Detail of the lion on which the Baron’s feet rest.

Detail of Lion on which William Cecil's  feet rest

Detail showing the white (curiously black now probably as a result of having lost its paint) Staff of Office denoting William Cecil’s role as Lord High Treasurer. The well known picture of William Cecil in the National Portrait Gallery (one of forty-five) shows him with his Staff of Office.

Detail of William Cecil's Staff of Office of Lord Treasurer

Detail of the finely carved sabatons.

Detail of sabatons (feet armour)

Detail of the armour in particular the couter that protects the elbow joint and its hinge by which it is fixed.

Note also the ermine lining of the Knight of the Garter cloak.

Detail of William Cecil's couter

Monument to Richard Cecil and his wife Jane Heckington

William Cecil’s parents as well to three daughters who form the weepers to the monument. Richard Cecil was a prominent courtier to Henry VIII; his wealth increased as a result of the dissolution of the monasteries.

Groom of the Robes to Henry VIII and Edward VI.

Buried in St Margaret’s Church, Westminster.

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Monument to Brownlow Cecil, 2nd Marquis Exeter

Brownlow Cecil the son of Henry Cecil, 1st Marquess Exeter, whose sixteen year tenure as MP for Stamford, a family controlled seat, commenced aged 20. He, apparently, made little contribution to the House of Commons, although it resulted, inexplicably, in a Marquessate from George III.

His first wife, Emma Vernon, eloped with her lover, the new curate at Hanbury. Heavily in debt he then lived anonymously in Wales as a farmer marrying, aged 36, bigamously, a local farmers daughter Alice Hoggins, 16.

Inheriting aged 39 he and his family moved to Burghley House.

Brownlow, the second son inherited at his father’s death in 1804 aged eight.

Brownlow’s career somewhat busier than his father’s being Lord Chamberlain, Lord Steward, Lord Lieutenant of Rutland and Northamptonshire and Groom of the Stole somewhat emulating the career of his ancestor William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley including being appointed Knight of the Garter.

Monument to Richard Cecil and his wife Jane Heckington

Monument to John Cecil, 5th Earl Exeter

John Cecil, great great grandson of William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley.

A magnificent monument, if somewhat overdone, somewhat incongruous in its surroundings, in the classical style probably as a result of his European travels . A lesson, perhaps, not to follow fashion.

Son of John Cecil, 4th Earl of Exeter, a 5 x Great Grandson of Henry VII through his mother Elizabeth Edgerton, and Frances Manners, a 8 x Great Granddaughter of Edward III.

He married Anne, daughter of William Cavendish, 3rd Earl of Devonshire.

John Cecil, 5th Earl Exeter
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