St Mary the Virgin, Bottesford, Lincolnshire

St Mary the Virgin, Bottesford, half church, half mausoleum to the Barons Ros and the Earls of Rutland. The entire chancel is filled with monuments that cover a period of nearly four centuries starting with Robert Ros, died 1285, considered by some to be the 1st Baron Ros, to John Manners 8th Earl Rutland, died 1679.

Tomb of Thomas Manners 1st Earl Rutland and his wife Eleanor Paston 1st Countess Rutland

He depicted wearing his Knight of the Gater robes over full plate armour, wearing his now damaged coronet of an Earl, head resting on a tournament helmet complete the Manner’s peacock crest and a cap of maintenance.

The tomb was created by Richard Parker of Burton on Trent.

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Detail showing the Knight of the Garter garter below the knee on the left leg.

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Tomb of Henry Manners 2nd Earl Rutland and his wife Margaret Neville

Both alabaster effigies appear to have originally had a coronet of an Earl that has since been damaged. His head on a tournament helm, hers on a scroll. He holding a prayer book, she, possibly, a book of hours. An alter table tomb with scultures of the children on the top. His left leg has the garter of a Knight of the Garter.

Henry’s tenure as Earl spanned the reigns of Henry VIII King England and Ireland and his three children: Edward VI King England and Ireland, Mary I Queen England and Ireland, and Elizabeth I Queen England and Ireland.

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The Earl’s heraldic achievement including:

Top Right and Bottom Left Quarter

Manners with Royal augmentation top left corner and bottom right corner: Or [gold], two bars azure [blue] a chief [top half] quarterly azure [blue] and gules [red]; in the 1st and 4th quarters two fleurs-de-lis and in the 2nd and 3rd a lion passant guardant or), being the Royal arms halved with the original Manners arms.

Top Left Quarter:

Ros: Gules [red], three water bougets [white]; the Earl’s grand-mother Eleanor Ros,

Roet: Gules [red], three Katherine-wheels argent [white]; Katherine Roet was the Earl’s great great great grand-mother,

Belvoir: Azure [Blue], a Katherine-wheel,

Albini?

Daubeney: Or [gold] two chevron gules [red],

Badlesmere: Argent [white], a fess [horizontal line] between two bars gemeles [thin horizontal lines] gules [red], (simplified),

Bottom Left Quarter

Tiptoft: Argent [white], a saltire [diagonal cross] engrailed gules [red]; great grand-mother Philippa Tiptoft,

Holland:  England within a bordure [border] or [gold]; Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent, whose daughter Eleanor was the Earl’s great great great grand-mother on both paternal and maternal side,

Powys/Charleton: Gules [red], lion rampant or [gold]; great great grand-mother Joyce Charleton,

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The heraldic achievement of Margaret Neville, 2nd Countess of Rutland:

Neville: Gules [red], a saltire [diagonal cross] argent [white],

Holland:  England within a bordure [border] or [gold]; Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent, whose daughter Eleanor was the Earl’s great great great grand-mother on bopth paternal and maternal side,

The bottom left corner is unrecognised.

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George Manners 4th Earl Rutland and his wife Elizabeth Charlton

Sculpted by Gerard Johanssen [Janssen] around 1591.

His armour has cuisses on this thighs over trunk-hose, with no back plates to the thighs. Peascod breastplate, ruff and developed form of coronet made of metal fixed to the alabaster.

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William 6th Baron Ros

South of the alter a very fine alabaster tomb with the effigy of the camail-jupon period of armour [the camail being the chain mail attached the  helmet] 1350-1420.

Probably the Chellaston (Derbyshire) school of sculptors; the angels spiky quills are indicative.

The finely carved effigy armour is transition from chain mail to plate. Conical bascinet with jewelled orle resting on tournament helmet with Roos crest; peacock with spread tail.

Lancastrian collar “Souvenir Sovereign”.

Garter on the left leg below the knee. William was the 108th Knight of the Garter.

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John Ros, 7th Baron Ros Helmsley

North side of the alter of equally fine craftman-ship as that of his father’s described above. Also, probably, the Challaston Derbyshire) school given the spiky angel’s wings.

Conical bascinet with orle resting on a tournament helmet; the original Ros peacock damaged with only the feet remaining.

Although only seven later that his father’s there are noticeable developments in armour:

a gorget [from the French gorge meaning throat] plate over the camail now protects the neck,

small plates over the armpits and insteps,

taces, a skirrt of plates, attached to the breastplate, replace the mail skirt,

John Ros was killed at the  Battle of Baugé in 1421.

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