Family Trees are traditionally presented by paternal descent.
Maternal descent is a not often seen alternative. Mitochondrial DNA, or mt-DNA, is passed from mother to sons and daughters. However, sons do not pass it to their children.
In the discovery of Richard III’s remains in Leicester it was the mt-DNA that proved his identity. Two maternal descendants of Richard III’s mother Cecily “Rose of Raby” Neville were identified: Michael Ibsen and Wendy Duldig.
It was descendants of Cecily’s daughter Anne that provided the match for Richard III through more than seventeen female generations. Wendy Duldig is now, therefore, the only known carrier of Cecily “Rose of Raby” Neville’s mt-DNA that is able to pass it on.
Cecily was descended from Joan Beaufort, daughter of John of Gaunt and Katherine Roet (aka Swynford). Katherine Roet is the ultimate maternal ancestor of Richard III, Michael Ibsen and Wendy Duldig. It is Katherine’s mt-DNA that provided the match.
Families are usually given the father’s surname; the patronymic. For Maternal Families I have used the earliest identifiable ancestor for the family name eg Katherine Roet.
Its an unusual way of looking at families with some relationships that aren’t immediately apparent from Paternal Family Trees. I’ve limited Maternal Family Trees to those with more than three generations for now.
Katherine Roet’s Maternal Family Tree stands out for having 21 generations. Her maternal descendants include Edward IV King England and Richard III King England.
Aoife Ní Diarmait’s also stands out for having 16 generations with 345 people in her Maternal Family Tree including Henry of Monmouth V King England, Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Denmark, Joan Beaufort Queen Consort Scotland, Henry II King France, James II King Scotland, Richard “Kingmaker” Neville 16th Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury.
Dangereuse Île-Bouchard has 8 generations with 109 people including
- Eleanor of Aquitaine, Queen Consort France, Queen Consort England,
- Richard “Lionheart” I King England,
- Eleanor Plantagenet Queen Castile,
- Berengaria I King Castile,
- Ferdinand III King Castile, III King Leon,
- Sancho “Pious” II King Portugal,
- Alfonso III King Portugal,
- Blanche Ivrea Queen Consort France,
- Louis IX King France, Charles King Sicily,
- Henry I King Castile,
- Joan Plantagenet Queen Consort Sicily,
- John “Lackland” I King England.